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Tugadar (@admin)
22 days ago
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Having created an application that features a list of earthquakes, you have an excellent opportunity to share this information with other application

By exposing these data through a Content Provider, you, and others, can create new applications based on earthquake data without having to duplicate network traffic and the associated XML parsin

Creating the Content Provider

The following example shows how to create an Earthquake Content Provider. Each quake will be stored in an SQLite database.

Open the Earthquake project, and create a new EarthquakeProvider class that extends ContentProvider. Include stubs to override the onCreate, getType, query, insert, delete, and update methods.

package com.paad.earthquake;

import android.content.*;

import android.database.Cursor;

import android.database.SQLException;

import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;

import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteQueryBuilder;

import android.net.Uri;

import android.text.TextUtils;

import android.util.Log;

public class EarthquakeProvider extends ContentProvider {

@Override

public boolean onCreate() {

}

@Override

public String getType(Uri url) {

}

@Override

public Cursor query(Uri url, String[] projection, String selection, String[] selectionArgs, String sort) {

}

@Override

public Uri insert(Uri _url, ContentValues _initialValues) {

}

@Override

public int delete(Uri url, String where, String[] whereArgs) {

}

@Override

public int update(Uri url, ContentValues values, String where, String[] wArgs) {

}

}

Expose a content URI for this provider. This URI will be used to access the Content Provider from within application components using a ContentResolver.

public static final Uri CONTENT_URI = Uri.parse(“content://com.paad.provider.earthquake/earthquakes”);

Create the database that will be used to store the earthquakes. Within the EathquakeProvider class, create a new SQLiteDatabase instance, and expose public variables that describe the column names and indexes. Include an extension of SQLiteOpenHelper to manage database creation and version control.

// The underlying database

private SQLiteDatabase earthquakeDB;

private static final String TAG = “EarthquakeProvider”; private static final String DATABASE_NAME = “earthquakes.db”; private static final int DATABASE_VERSION = 1;

private static final String EARTHQUAKE_TABLE = “earthquakes”;

// Column Names

public static final String KEY_ID = “_id”; public static final String KEY_DATE = “date”; public static final String KEY_DETAILS = “details”; public static final String KEY_LOCATION_LAT = “latitude”; public static final String KEY_LOCATION_LNG = “longitude”; public static final String KEY_MAGNITUDE = “magnitude”; public static final String KEY_LINK = “link”;

// Column indexes

public static final int DATE_COLUMN = 1;

public static final int DETAILS_COLUMN = 2;

public static final int LONGITUDE_COLUMN = 3;

public static final int LATITUDE_COLUMN = 4;

public static final int MAGNITUDE_COLUMN = 5;

public static final int LINK_COLUMN = 6;

Helper class for opening, creating, and managing

database version control

private static class earthquakeDatabaseHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper { private static final String DATABASE_CREATE = “create table “ + EARTHQUAKE_TABLE + “ (“

KEY_ID + “ integer primary key autoincrement, “

KEY_DATE + “ INTEGER, “

KEY_DETAILS + “ TEXT, “

KEY_LOCATION_LAT + “ FLOAT, “

KEY_LOCATION_LNG + “ FLOAT, “

KEY_MAGNITUDE + “ FLOAT, “

KEY_LINK + “ TEXT);”;

public earthquakeDatabaseHelper(Context context, String name, CursorFactory factory, int version) {

super(context, name, factory, version);

}

@Override

public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {

db.execSQL(DATABASE_CREATE);

}

@Override

public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion,

int newVersion) {

Log.w(TAG, “Upgrading database from version “ + oldVersion + “ to “ + newVersion + “, which will destroy all old data”);

db.execSQL(“DROP TABLE IF EXISTS “ + EARTHQUAKE_TABLE); onCreate(db);

}

}

Create a UriMatcher to handle requests using different URIs. Include support for queries and transactions over the entire data set (QUAKES) and a single record matching a quake index value (QUAKE_ID).

Create the constants used to differentiate between the different URI requests.

private static final int QUAKES = 1;

private static final int QUAKE_ID = 2;

private static final UriMatcher uriMatcher;

Allocate the UriMatcher object, where a URI ending in ‘earthquakes’

will correspond to a request for all earthquakes, and ‘earthquakes’

with a trailing ‘/[rowID]’ will represent a single earthquake row. static {

uriMatcher = new UriMatcher(UriMatcher.NO_MATCH); uriMatcher.addURI(“com.paad.provider.Earthquake”, “earthquakes”,

QUAKES);

uriMatcher.addURI(“com.paad.provider.Earthquake”, “earthquakes/#”,

QUAKE_ID);

}

Override the getType method to return a String for each of the URI structures supported.

@Override

public String getType(Uri uri) {

switch (uriMatcher.match(uri)) {

case QUAKES:

return “vnd.android.cursor.dir/vnd.paad.earthquake”; case QUAKE_ID:

return “vnd.android.cursor.item/vnd.paad.earthquake”; default:

throw new IllegalArgumentException(“Unsupported URI: “ + uri);

}

}

Override the provider’s onCreate handler to create a new instance of the database helper class and open a connection to the database.

@Override

public boolean onCreate() {

Context context = getContext();

earthquakeDatabaseHelper dbHelper;

dbHelper = new earthquakeDatabaseHelper(context, DATABASE_NAME, null,

DATABASE_VERSION);

earthquakeDB = dbHelper.getWritableDatabase(); return (earthquakeDB == null) ? false : true;

}

Implement the query and transaction stubs. Start with the query method; it should decode the request being made (all content or a single row) and apply the selection, projection, and sort-order criteria parameters to the database before returning a result Cursor.

@Override

public Cursor query(Uri uri,

String[] projection,

String selection,

String[] selectionArgs,

String sort) {

SQLiteQueryBuilder qb = new SQLiteQueryBuilder();

qb.setTables(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE);

If this is a row query, limit the result set to the passed in row. switch (uriMatcher.match(uri)) {

case QUAKE_ID:

qb.appendWhere(KEY_ID + “=” + uri.getPathSegments().get(1)); break;

default: break;

}

If no sort order is specified sort by date / time

String orderBy;

if (TextUtils.isEmpty(sort)) {

orderBy = KEY_DATE;

} else { orderBy = sort;

}

//Apply the query to the underlying database.

 Cursor c = qb.query(earthquakeDB,

projection,

selection, selectionArgs,

null, null,

orderBy);

Register the contexts ContentResolver to be notified if

the cursor result set changes.

c.setNotificationUri(getContext().getContentResolver(), uri);

Return a cursor to the query result.

return c;

}

Now implement methods for inserting, deleting, and updating content. In this case, the process is largely an exercise in mapping Content Provider transaction requests to database equivalents.

@Override

public Uri insert(Uri _uri, ContentValues _initialValues) {

Insert the new row, will return the row number if successful.

long rowID = earthquakeDB.insert(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, “quake”, _initialValues);

Return a URI to the newly inserted row on success.

if (rowID > 0) {

Uri uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(CONTENT_URI, rowID); getContext().getContentResolver().notifyChange(uri, null); return uri;

}

throw new SQLException(“Failed to insert row into “ + _uri);

}

@Override

public int delete(Uri uri, String where, String[] whereArgs) { int count;

switch (uriMatcher.match(uri)) {

case QUAKES:

count = earthquakeDB.delete(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, where, whereArgs); break;

case QUAKE_ID:

String segment = uri.getPathSegments().get(1);

count = earthquakeDB.delete(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, KEY_ID + “=”

segment

(!TextUtils.isEmpty(where) ? “ AND (“

where + ‘)’ : “”), whereArgs);

break;

default: throw new IllegalArgumentException(“Unsupported URI: “ + uri);

}

getContext().getContentResolver().notifyChange(uri, null); return count;

}

@Override

public int update(Uri uri, ContentValues values, String where, String[] whereArgs) {

int count;

switch (uriMatcher.match(uri)) {

case QUAKES:

count = earthquakeDB.update(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, values, where, whereArgs);

break;

case QUAKE_ID:

String segment = uri.getPathSegments().get(1);

count = earthquakeDB.update(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, values, KEY_ID

“=” + segment

(!TextUtils.isEmpty(where) ? “ AND (“

Insert the new row, will return the row number if successful.

long rowID = earthquakeDB.insert(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, “quake”, _initialValues);

Return a URI to the newly inserted row on success. if (rowID > 0) {

Uri uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(CONTENT_URI, rowID); getContext().getContentResolver().notifyChange(uri, null); return uri;

}

throw new SQLException(“Failed to insert row into “ + _uri);

}

@Override

public int delete(Uri uri, String where, String[] whereArgs) { int count;

switch (uriMatcher.match(uri)) {

case QUAKES:

count = earthquakeDB.delete(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, where, whereArgs); break;

case QUAKE_ID:

String segment = uri.getPathSegments().get(1);

count = earthquakeDB.delete(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, KEY_ID + “=”

segment

(!TextUtils.isEmpty(where) ? “ AND (“

where + ‘)’ : “”), whereArgs);

break;

default: throw new IllegalArgumentException(“Unsupported URI: “ + uri);

}

getContext().getContentResolver().notifyChange(uri, null); return count;

}

@Override

public int update(Uri uri, ContentValues values, String where, String[] whereArgs) {

int count;

switch (uriMatcher.match(uri)) {

case QUAKES:

count = earthquakeDB.update(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, values, where, whereArgs);

break;

case QUAKE_ID:

String segment = uri.getPathSegments().get(1);

count = earthquakeDB.update(EARTHQUAKE_TABLE, values, KEY_ID

“=” + segment

(!TextUtils.isEmpty(where) ? “ AND (“

+ where + ‘)’ : “”), whereArgs);

break;

default: throw new IllegalArgumentException(“Unknown URI “ + uri);

}

getContext().getContentResolver().notifyChange(uri, null); return count;

}

With the Content Provider finished, register it in the manifest by creating a new node within the application tag.

<provider android:name=”.EarthquakeProvider” android:authorities=”com.paad.provider.earthquake” />