UNDERSTANDING THE NAMES OF GOD
Theword of God is not a name or title. it is used to describe divinity. we’ll examine God’s names, His several titles and beyond titles, many metaphora and descriptors.
What a Name Signifies
A name is a word or words by which an enitty is designated and distinguished from others. Names can identify a class or categoryof things, or a single thing, either uniquely, or within a given context <Web Dictionary>. A personal name identities a specific and identifiable individual person. Most of the names in the Bible are not personal names but titles or atrributes. God’s revealed name is Yahweh same as Jehovah.
What a Title Signifies
A title is a descriptive and formal reference to some person in a particular setting, that is, their rank, profession or social status.
An application of dignity, honor, distinction, or preeminence attached to a person or family by virtue of rank, office, precedent, privilege, or attainment.
Reverend (Rev), Doctor (Dr), Pastor, or evangelist (Evang),. One may be introduced in the public as Pastor David, Doctor James. One of God’s titles might be ” King of Kings” that is King over all other Kings that there might be.
Some names of God are used as descriptive terms, either as a metaphor or as a descriptor. As metaphor, it means words or phrases that are used to suggest God’s likenes. Example: Rock of Offence, A crown of Glory, A diadem of Beauty etc. For example:
In that day the LORD of host will be a crown of Glory, and a daidem of beauty, to the remnant of his people. (Isa. 28:5).
The Lord God is a sun and shield: the Lord will give Grace and glory….(Psa. 84:11).
Other times, some names of God are used as descriptor, it means words or characteristic features that serve to describe or identify God, such as God of mercy. This describes a quality of God, but not as a title.
God’s Own Name
Yahweh is the distnctive personal name of God of Israel. This name is commonly represented in modern translations by the form ” JEHOVAH”, “YAHWEH” is the Hebrew word that translates as “LORD”. Found more often in the Old Testament than any other name for God. The four letters. “YHWH” comes from the Hebrew word and is the special name that God revealed Himself as to Moses at the burning bush.
And God said into Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
……this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. (Exo. 3:14-15)
Yahweh that is Jehovah plus it’s usage shows that this name stresses on God as the independent and self existant, God of revelation and redemption.
And I appeared unto Abraham unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them (Exo.6:3).
The combinations below are designation or titles which reveal additional facts about God’s character. Yahweh (YHWH) declares God’s absolute being. The source of everything, without beginning and without end. Here are some examples of Yahweh used in Scripture:
Jehovah Jireh: ( The Lord will provide) (Gen. 22:14).
Jehovah Nissi: ( The Lord is my Banner)(Exo. 17: 15).
Jehovah Shalom: (The Lord is Peace)(Jud. 6:24)
Jehovah Sabbath: (The Lord of Host)(1Sam. 1:3).
Jehovah Rohi: (The Lord my Shepherd)(Psa. 23: 1).
Jehovah Tsidkenu: (The Lord our Righteousness) (Jer. 23:6).
Jehovah Shammah: (The Lord is there)( Eze. 48:35).
Jehovah Adonai: ( Lord our sovereign)(Gen. 15:2,8).
Jehovah Rohpeka: ( Lord our healer)(Exo. 15: 26).
Jehovah Hoseenu: (Lord our Maker)(Psa. 95: 6).
Jehovah Eloheenu: (Lord our God)(Psa.99:5, 8, 9).
Jehovah Eloheka: (Lord thy God)( Exo. 20: 2).
” Elohim” or “Elohay” is another name of God found in the Bible, and it’s used throughout the Old Testament. Elohim comes from the Hebrew root meaning ” strength” or “power”, and has the usual characteristic of being plural in form. In Genesis 1:1, we read, ” in the beginning God (Elohim) created the heavens and the Earth. Throughout Scripture, Elohim is combined with other Hebrew words to describe certain characteristics of God.
Elohay Kedem: God of the Beginning (Gen.1:1).
Elohay Mishpat: God of Justice (Isa. 30:18).
Elohay Selichot: God of forgiveness (Neh.9:17).
Elohay Mikarom: God of Heights (Micah. 6:6).
Elohay Mikarom: God who is Near (Jer. 23:23).
Elohay Mauzi: God of my Strength ( Psa. 43:2).
Elohay Tehilati: God of my Praise (Psa. 109:1).
Elohay Yoshi: God of my Salvation (Psa. 18:47, 25:5).
Elohim Kedoshim: Holy God ( Lev.19:2, Jos. 24:19).
Elohim Chaiyim: Living God (Jer.10:10).
Elohy Elohim: God of God’s (Deu. 10:17).
“El” is another name of God used for God in the Bible. El is the simple form arising from Elohim, and is often combined with other words for descriptive emphasis.
El HaNa’ eman: The faithful God (Deu.7:9).
El HaGadol: The Great God (Deu.10: 17).
El HaKadosh: The Holy God (Isa. 5:16).
El Yisael: The God of Israel (Psa. 68:35).
El HaShamayim: The God of the Heavens (Psa. 136:26).
El De’ot: The God of Knowledge ( 1Sam.2:3).
El Emet: The God of Truth ( Psa. 31:6).
El Yeshuati: The God of my Salvation (Isa.12:2).
El Elyon: The Most High God ( Genesis 14:18).
Immanu El: God is with us ( 7: 14).
El Olam: The God of eternity ( Gen. 21: 33).
El Echad: The one God ( Mal.2:10).